Sudan Crisis: All You Need to Know


Sudan is currently in the midst of a political catastropheafter security forces opened fire on pro-democracy protesters in Khartoum. This is despite the fact that representatives of the protesters had been holding talks with the military about who should take power after the ousting of long-time President Omar al-Bashir. However, negotiations were put on hold on June 3 after a military crackdown left dozens of protesters dead.

Sudan’s army scrapped off all the negotiations with the opposition and said elections will take place after nine months. Nevertheless, the protest movement leaders still insist a transition period of at least three years in order for the elections to be free and fair.After the misunderstanding, large parts of the country were shut down by an open-ended strike which had been called by the opposition. Amid the crisis, an envoy from Ethiopia was called in to meditate and said talks between the two warring parties would eventually resume.

How It All Begun

The unrest in Sudan started way back in 2018 after the government led by the then president Omar al-Bashir imposed emergency austerity measures with the aim of attempting to starve off economic collapse. An increase in the price of bread and fuel then sparked off demonstrations in the east over living standards. The anger eventually spread out to Khartoum, Sudan’s capital.After a few days, the protests widened into demands for the removal of President Bashir.Mr. Bashir had been in power for close to 30 years.

Protest in Sudan reached its peak on 6th April, when demonstrators decided to occupy the square in front of the military’s headquarters.This action was aimed at making the army force the president out. Within five days, the army announced having overthrown the president.

Who is in Charge Now?

After the ousting of President Bashir,a council of generals assumed power on 11th April. However, the new leadership has struggled to bring peace and normality to the country. The seven-member Transitional Military council (TMC)is led by Lt-Gen Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan.  Unfortunately, the military is not a unified force in Sudan.  This is due to the existence of other paramilitary organizations together with Islamist militias that still sway.

Who are the Opposition?

Economic problems experienced in Sudan brought people from all walks of life to the street.Eventually, the role of organizing the protests was taken over by the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA). This is a collaboration between lawyers, health workers and doctors.Most of the protesters are mostly young enthusiasts but people of all ages have also been spotted in the demonstrations. Woman have also not been left behind with one woman named Kandaka, a Nubian queen, seen leading chants.

Things seem to be getting worse as days progress with the military still in charge of the country. Up to now, many people have lost their lives as they try to bring a change in Sudan’s leadership with the aim of restoring peace.